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Neapolitan Mastiff

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HEIGHT: 65 cm
WEIGHT: 70 kg
LIFE EXPECTANCY: 13 -15 years
CHARACTERISTICS of the Neapolitan Mastiff
These large animals are extremely docile, affectionate & calm. From what is said, they are great for a house with children or senior citizens. Besides they are extremely good guards and their bark, which they don't use often, warn off any wrongful approach.
ADVICE 796
They are extremely intelligent making training rather easy since they respond to order obediently.
They were used in the famous Italian circus, where due to its tasks, their tail and hears were cut.
ADVICE 797
This is such a rustic dog that needs very little care. They don't suffer from temperature changes, or have eye or bone problems.
ADVICE 798
Its hair is so short that it does shed and doesn't need brushing.
DESCRIPTION of the Neapolitan Mastiff
Its general build is heavy where its trunk is longer than the cross height.
HEAD:
Solid head, with a wide skull, its total length is approximately 3/10th of its cross height. Abundant skin with plenty of fold and wrinkles. It has a typical well marked wrinkle which starts at the outer side of the eyelid to the mouth. The skull and snout lines are parallel to each other.
SKULL:
Wide, flat specially behind the ears and slightly convex in the front. The zigomatic arcs are very marked, and with flat muscles. Their length is longer to the total length of the head. The front temple is very well developed; the optical suture is well marked while the occipital apophysis is barely noticed.
TRUFFLE:
On the same line as the nasal stem, should stick out from the vertical line before the lip; it must be voluptuous with a large nose and well opened. The color varies depending on the coat; black on black dogs, dark on other coats and brown on hazel dogs.
SNOUT:
Its very wide and deep, its length corresponds to the nasal stem and is 1/3rd of the total length of the head. The sides are parallel to each other giving the snout an almost square look when seen from the front.
LIPS:
Of heavy texture, thick and plentiful. The upper lip, seen from the front looks like an inverted V. The side view of the lower snout is made up by the upper lip. The lowest part of the lips, with visible mucous membranes, is placed on the perpendicular line coming at an angle from the eyes.
JAW:
Strong and robust, with contact arched teeth. The jaw must be well developed, with the incisors well aligned.
TEETH:
White, well developed, regularly aligned, and complete. The incisor of the upper jaw touch with the outer part the lower incisors. (scissor close); or are closes between each other (tong close).
EYES:
Placed in semi frontal position. They are placed far apart; the eyelids are round and the eyeballs slightly deep set; the color of the iris is darker than the color of the coat.
EARS:
These are small in proportion with the size of the dog, triangular shaped, placed over the zigomatic arch. They are flat and closely placed over the cheeks. If amputated they form an almost equilateral triangle.
NECK:
The upper side is slightly convex. In a trunk-conical form; well muscled, the circumference is half the length. (8/10th of the cross height)
SKIN:
The skin on the upper part of the neck is lax forming a very visible double chin, starting from the lower part of the jaw and finishing around the middle of the neck.
BODY:
Its length is over 10% of the cross height.
BACK:
Broad and long, approximately 1/3rd of the cross height. The lumbar area must blend with the back, its muscles must be well developed throughout its length. The side is broad. Its thoracic circumference is approximately 1/4th of the cross height.
HINDQUARTERS:
Wide, robust and muscular. Its inclination is over it's the coxal approximately 30 degrees. Its length is the same of 3/10th of the cross height. The haunch stick to reach the upper lumbar line.
CHEST:
Broad, open with well developed pectorals. Its width is directly proportional to 40-45% of the cross height. The end of the sternum is placed at the level at the tip of the scapula-humeral articulation.
TAIL:
With a wide base, big at the root, robust it thins out slightly at the tip. Its length reaches the articulation of the back of the knee. Its commonly amputated at 2/3rd its length. When at rest, its like a sable; when alert its is horizontal and slightly juts out over the back.
FRONT EXTREMITIES:
As a whole it is aplomb when seen from the side and vertical when seen from the front, with a robust composure and proportioned to the size. Back: its length is approximately 3/10th of the cross height, with a 50-60 degree angle. With strong muscles. Foreleg: it length is almost the same as the leg. Being perfectly vertical, with a robust skeleton and well developed muscles. Ankle: placed in a vertical line from the foreleg, and very wide. Metacarpal: flat, following a vertical line from the foreleg, its inclination is of 70-75 degrees. Its length is close to 1/6th from the foot to the elbow. Front feet: voluptuous, rounded, well arched joined toes. Dry, hard and well pigmented pads; strong and dark nails.
BACK EXTREMITIES:
As a whole the must be powerful and robust, in proportion to the mass and size to ensure the needed thrust when moving. Thigh: 1/3rd of the cross height, with a 60 degree angle, wide, with large thighs and muscles well separated from each other. The femur and the coxal form a 90 degree angle. Leg: the length is slightly less than the thigh with a 50-55 degree angle. The skeleton is strong and the muscle visible. Knee: the femur-tibia-kneecap angle must be of 110-115 degrees. Back of the knee: very long compared with the length of the leg. The tibia-carsica articulation must form a 140-145 degree angle.
Metatarsus: robust, almost cylindrically shaped. Its length is about 1/4th of the cross height and its position is perfectly aplomb. In the eventual case there are spurs, these must be surgically removed. Back feet: smaller than the front ones, round, with grouped toes. Dry, hard and well colored pads. Strong hard nails.
MOVEMENT:
Typical characteristic of the breed. With a slow and bear-like pace. When trotting, there is a strong thrust from the back and a long reach with the front. It rarely gallops. Its common pace is walking and trotting. A sway is tolerated.
SKIN:
Thick, abundant & lax throughout the whole body, particularly the head, where it forms a lot of wrinkles and folds. In the lower part of the neck it forms a double chin. Coat: vitreous, dense and of regular length. Smooth, fine and its maximum length is 1.5 cm. Without any kind of locks.
COLOR:
The favored colors are grey & black. Small white spots on the chest are allowed and at the tip of the toes. Mahogany, brown and hazel are also allowed they can all be tiger striped.
SIZE:
The cross height on males is between 65 to 75 cm and 60 to 68 cm on females.
WEIGHT:
Males weigh from 60 to 70 kg and females from 50 to 60 kg. The males must have their testicles with a normal appearance and hanging in the scrotum.

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